Knock , Knock, Who’s there?

When we were discussing how Shakespeare constructs his plays, it was brought up how Shakespeare includes a comedic scene after a tragic/devastating one. Considering that I decided that the best representation of the porter has to be a scene where its at least a little comical, I went with these versions:

Macbeth (1971) Roman Polanski’s film

Make up & Wardrobe

It looks as if they made his face and nose look red , (it may be naturally red) to go with the “nose painting” line. His beard looks a little dirty as if he has spilled something on it as well. He looked oddly dressed , holding a bucket. I think these went well with the Porters appearance in this representation since it relates to the Porters lines, and drunken description in the play.

Setting & Lighting

The setting looks like the inside of a castle because of the grey walls and wide space. I liked the the lighting because it looks as if its just before sunrise in the morning. I thought it was interesting that they made it as if the Porter took that long to open the door was because there is a long pathway to the gate, rather than the Porter just talking in one place.

Music

There is no music,  which I assumed they didn’t include so you could focus on the knocking and the Porters speech. I didn’t mind that there was no music included , there was nothing really missing just because there was no music.

Emotion, Tone Of Voice,Facial Expression, Body language

In this movie, the Porter is represented as an old man. He seems very cranky that he had to get up to open the gate, and his tone of voice is just him complaining in a high pitched voice and he walks very weirdly. He makes weird facial expressions; for example when he widens his eyes when talking to Macduff at 46:00 which made me laugh. I think these factors made the Porter funny, like the way Shakespeare intended this scene to be.

Lines Omitted & Added

“Knock ,knock , knock (2.3.3)

“Here’s a farmer, that hang’d himself on th’ expectation of plenty. Come in time! Have napkins enough about you; here you’ll sweat for’t. (Knock.) Knock, knock! Who’s there, in the other devil’s name? Faith, here’s an equivocator, that could swear in both the scales against either scale, who committed treason enough for God’s sake, yet could not equivocate to heaven. O, come in, equivocator.  Knock.) Knock, knock, knock! Who’s there? Faith, here’s an English tailor come hither, for stealing out of a French hose: come in, tailor; here you may roast your goose. “ (2.3.5-14)

“I had thought to have let in some of all professions” (2.3.16-17)

”Therefore, much drink may be said to be an equivocator in conclusion, equivocates him in a sleep, and, giving him the lie, leaves him. “ (2.3.31-32)

“but I requited him for his lie; and, I think, being too strong for him, though he took up my legs sometime, yet I made a shift to cast him.” (2.3.34-37)

There are a few words changed, they changed the “him” to you in lines 28-31 (it makes him, and it mars him; it sets him on, and it takes him off; it persuades him, and disheartens him; makes him stand to)

They removed a lot of the lines, mainly about the equivocation. I liked this a little, because now you can focus on the humour in this scene; rather than the deep message of equivocation. I also disliked this because so much of the porter’s speech is gone, which takes away from the play.

Macbeth (1978) Stage

The man who portrays this Porter does a great job at looking more comical, than the other scenes.

Makeup & Wardrobe

There is no makeup in this representation, and the wardrobe is just simple overalls and a cap. I think this type of costume was a great portrayal because it really showcases the weird personality of the Porter.

Setting & Lighting

There is not setting that we can see , besides a door. There is a dim spotlight focusing on the Porter; but overall there is no other lights focusing on the Porter. It kind of looks as if he is glowing as well. I believe that it’s good because now you can focus on only the Porter.

Music

There is no music, just silence and knocking. I prefer no music, because if the scene is humorous, the only music you could really put in would be corny music, which wouldn’t fit in so silence is better.

Emotion, Tone Of Voice,Facial Expression, Body language

This portrayal of the Porter has a lot more body language than the others. He uses props like his rope around his neck and his overalls to act out the lines , like at 0:47 when he was talking about the farmer. He also uses frequent expressions to interpret the lines, such as when he said “in the other devils name” at 1:04 and uses funny and weird facial expressions for example at 1:23.

Lines Omitted & Added

“it provokes, and unprovokes” (2.3.26) they change the word it to drink

“it persuades him, and disheartens him; “ (2.3.30)

“but I requited him for his lie; and, I think, being too strong for him, though he took up my legs sometime, yet I made a shift to cast him.” (2.3.34-37)

These aren’t major changes, so I don’t believe anything was really taken away from this performance.

The last one you shared with our class from your blog post:

I enjoy this version because it really puts in the part of how drunk the Porter was. In all the other performances , they didn’t act as drunk as he did. Its great because half of the porters speech talks about drinking , and he really portrays that with his body movement and random laughing.The constant falling and not having the ability to function properly made it really funny to watch , which is how I assume the Porter scene was meant to be portrayed as.

And I found this version on the internet because I was curious to see if anyone ever portrayed the Porter as a woman:

I thought this was great since I couldn’t find any woman interpretations of the Porter on the internet. She portrays the Porter as if she is a cranky/ drunk woman. The costume was interesting since I believed that the porter would be dressed similar to a homeless person, and she is dressed as if she went to a party. The setting is more a of a modern setting, with people shaking a gate rather than knocking on a door. She protrays the porter as more of a tired person such as at 2:48 , as if she can’t even make it to the door because she’s drank so much. I thought it was interesting that she switched to laughing at everything at 4:21.

Presenting Polanski’s Protrayal

Roman Polanski’s Macbeth film adaptation was a very interesting movie to watch. I thought Roman Polanski’s portrayal of Macbeth was a great representation of his personality and actions.

[1] the theme of this movie made me think of Halloween movies , so I can relate with that kind of atmosphere

Polanski’s atmosphere of the film was overall very creepy; the background music in some scenes made it seem as if it was a scary movie. For example the scenes at 39:20 and at 1:16:14.

The atmosphere was dark and violent, with all the murder/fight scenes being more violent than I expected , such as at 39:20 and 2:00:20.  These are effective choices given that Macbeth itself is a very dark and creepy play (for instance: the witches, Macbeth’s psychological downfall, the world falling out of order after Duncan’s death such as the horses eating each other,), since a lot of murders go in the play it is reasonable that the film adaptation would be violent.

[2] The scene where Banquo is killed looks like this image

Light is used in various ways in this film. One way it is used is to illustrate the settings. For instance at 1:05:26 when Banquo is being killed the forest is very dark , increasing the tension as you watch it. It is also used to make scenes creepier for example; at 1:16:25 it’s dark before Macbeth visits the witches and at 1:17:20 when Macbeth visits the witches for a second prophecy, their faces are highlighted by the cauldron but everything else is dark. All the outside scenes look as if they are misty and foggy.

Roman Polanski chose to use very eerie music as background music for example at 1:16:09 when Macbeth goes to visit the witches, the music is very eerie sounding and almost suggests that something strange is going to happen. Or such as at 1:19:56 when Macbeth is viewing the three prophecies, the music is very strange. They are used effectively because they go along with the eerie scenes in the play.

The sound effects that are used are the voice overs for Macbeth speaking to himself, or the moment when Macbeth sees the dagger at 34:50 and when he tries to touch it at 35:03. The voice overs are used effectively because they really illustrate Macbeths speaking as his thoughts , rather than him talking to himself. The sound effects when Macbeth sees the daggers are effective; although it seems strange that a imaginary dagger would make a “ping” noise.

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[3] Did people wear these in the 11th century?

Costumes in this film adaptation overall look like what I imagine the eleventh century clothes to look like. In some scenes the clothes look off, for example at 1:23:07 , the man in the green has very odd sleeves. The witches also did not have beards, and sometimes didn’t wear much clothes at all , which I thought was weird.

I believe Polanski’s casting in this film is very good. Lady Macbeth’s portrayal as a dainty, innocent woman was interesting given her manipulative personality in the beginning of the play. Macbeth’s actor did a great job as well, specifically at looking like he had been psychologically impacted, and playing out the role of the violent and sleep deprived Macbeth at the end.

Roman Polanski removed many lines from his film adaptation , such as much of the porters lines which were:

“Knock ,knock , knock (2.3.3) and “Here’s a farmer, that hang’d himself on th’ expectation of plenty. Come in time! Have napkins enough about you; here you’ll sweat for’t. (Knock.) Knock, knock! Who’s there, in the other devil’s name? Faith, here’s an equivocator, that could swear in both the scales against either scale, who committed treason enough for God’s sake, yet could not equivocate to heaven. O, come in, equivocator.  Knock.) Knock, knock, knock! Who’s there? Faith, here’s an English tailor come hither, for stealing out of a French hose: come in, tailor; here you may roast your goose. “ (2.3.5-14)

“I had thought to have let in some of all professions” (2.3.16-17)

”Therefore, much drink may be said to be an equivocator in conclusion, equivocates him in a sleep, and, giving him the lie, leaves him. “ (2.3.31-32)

“but I requited him for his lie; and, I think, being too strong for him, though he took up my legs sometime, yet I made a shift to cast him.” (2.3.34-37)

There are a few words changed, they changed the “him” to you in lines 28-31 (it makes him, and it mars him; it sets him on, and it takes him off; it persuades him, and disheartens him; makes him stand to)

I think that this is the most major change in the lines in the film , because all of the equivocation parts are gone from the Porter’s speech. I think this impacted the Porters scene dramatically and turned into a funnier scene.

Overall I thought the film adaptation was a great portrayal of Macbeth. I believe this interpretation was effective because the overall atmosphere of the movie fit with the play. The strange music went along with the dark scenes and the actors did a great job at portraying the characters dramatically. The only area I would suggest for improvement would be the prophecies scene with the witches at 1:18:40 because it is confusing and weird to watch. The various mirrors make me dizzy and I didn’t understand what was going on until the end of the movie. In general, I believe Roman Polanski did a great job.

[1] Halloween Pumpkin. Web. 8 May 2015.

[2]  Creepy Forest. Web. 8 May 2015.

[3] (my screenshot)

 

The New and Improved Macbeth

After reading Act 2 , here is the new information we have learned about Macbeth:

 

“I think not of them;

Yet when we can entreat an hour to serve,

We would spend it in some words upon that business,

If you would grant the time.” – Macbeth (2.1.22-25)

 

“…Is this a dagger which I see before me,

The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee.

I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.

Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible

To feeling as to sight? or art thou but

A dagger of the mind, a false creation,

Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?

….” – Macbeth (2.1.33-39)

 

“ But wherefore could not I pronounce ‘Amen’?

I had most need of blessing and ‘Amen’

Stuck in my throat.” – Macbeth (2.2.34-36)

 

“Methought I heard a voice cry, “Sleep no more:

Macbeth does murder sleep’,the innocent sleep,

Sleep that knits up the ravell’d sleeve of care,

The death of each day life, sore labour’s bath…” – Macbeth (2.2.39-42)

 

“I’ll go no more. I am afraid to think what I have done;.. – Macbeth (2.2.53-54)

 

“Whence is that knocking? How is’t with me,When every noise appals me?..- Macbeth (2.2.61-62)

 

[1] An image of sleep deprived person , which I thought depicts Macbeth since he hasn’t slept in days

He is religious so killing Duncan has made him feel easily scared that God will not forgive him since he can’t say ‘amen’. He is feeling major guilt that he killed Duncan, so now he feels as if he will never sleep again, and he can’t even look at his hands. He has also developed paranoia, hearing noises and jumping at random sounds.

This is a big change from the noble , honorable , brave , mentally stable Macbeth I read about in Act 1. Throughout these changes I was disappointed in Macbeth because even though he successfully killed Duncan, he was still unhappy and felt like how he did before Lady Macbeth convinced him to kill Duncan.

I wanted Macbeth to act more like Lady Macbeth if he was going to agree to kill Duncan and take the crown. If he can be brave and violent on the battlefield, he should at least be able to kill the King without guilt , since you’re still murdering people either way. Although I can understand the guilt he is going through since he actually knew Duncan, and liked him.

I was surprised that he was able to stay calm and convince everyone that he wasn’t the one that killed Duncan, considering he was so scared and paranoid right before that moment.

[2] This is how I would have imagined Macbeth, running everywhere admitting he killed Duncan

In the future , I predict that Macbeth will become less mentally unstable/guilty. I think that with time Macbeth will forget it ever happened if no one talks about Duncan passing. I believe he will start to lie more to keep his crown, and I think his paranoia may or may not shrink.

It might shrink depending on what happens after he is crowned. If everyone loves him as king everything might go back to normal, but if people suspect something it might grow and get worse , along with his guilt.

[1] Tired Kid Eating Breakfast. Web. 3 May 2015.

[2] Scared Man. Web. 4 May 2015.

Letter About Macbeth

Dear Friend,

How are you? I hope you are doing fine. I have some interesting news to tell you. We won the battle. However , something strange happened along the way.

Recently Macbeth and I were travelling, and we came across three “women”. These “women” predicted that Macbeth would be king hereafter and the Thane of Cawdor, and that I would be a father to kings. Macbeth and I laughed about this news together, and than we carried on in our journey. However, I started to notice changes as soon as Ross delivered us some news. Ross had news from the King, that Macbeth has been given the new name “Thane of Cawdor”.

It was after this news had been delivered that the changes in Macbeth occurred. Macbeth started to believe in these strange womens predictions , saying that soon I would be father of kings as well. I warned Macbeth not to trust those “women”, that he could be deceived. Shortly after, Macbeth became quieter, thinking to himself a lot. I thought that he would get over it, even though Macbeth said we would discuss it later. While The king was crowning his son, Macbeth had a strange look on his face. It was if he was thinking hard.

Seeing these changes made me wonder, what is Macbeth thinking?  Why has a simple prediction caused Macbeth to be so isolated? Does Macbeth really believe that he shall become King? Maybe Macbeth is debating on what could happen to make him a King. Could Macbeth be plotting to become King? If Macbeth is plotting to become King, there is only way he can do it. Which means Macbeth will attempt to kill the King , and anyone in his way. There is no limit to what Macbeth will try to do if he really desires to be King.

Sincerely,

Banquo

 

Impressions of Macbeth

                                                         Macbeth Reflection

Characters Their Description of Macbeth Do I agree / My impression so far
The Bleeding Captain ” … For brave Macbeth – well he deserves that name –  Disdaining Fortune, with his brandish’d steel,..” (1.2.16-17) My impression at the beginning of the play when I read this quote, was that Macbeth is courageous, brave and will do anything without fear. Macbeth must have won a lot of battles and must be one of the best soldiers they have.Now that I have read the entire act 1 I don’t agree. Macbeth isn’t brave because he’d rather stick to what is safe than be brave and do what he desires (in this case which is killing the king to become king).
Duncan “O valiant cousin, worthy gentleman” (1.2.24)
” So well thy words became thee as thy wounds; They smack of honour both…” (1.2.43-44)
“What he hath lost,noble Macbeth hath won.” (1.2.67)
“O worthiest cousin, The sin of my ingratitude even now Was heavy on me. Thou art so far before, The swiftest wing of recompense is slow To overtake thee. Would thou hadst less deserv’d, That the proportion both of thanks and payment Might have been mine. Only I have left to say, More is thy due than more than all can pay.”(1.5.14-21)
“True, worthy Banquo, he is full so valiant, and in his commendations I am fed; It is a banquet to me. Let’s after him, Whose care is gone before to bid us welcome: It is a peerless kinsman”(1.5.54-58)
My impression when I read these quotes was that everyone loves Macbeth. Almost everyone believes he is this brave , noble , honourable guy so he must be a great man. Even the king thinks he is worthy of so much so he must have done amazing and courageous things.Now that I have read act 1 , I realize that while he may be a noble warrior on the battlefield, the fact that he is ready to betray anyone for his desires doesn’t make him so noble in my eyes any more. He shouldn’t be honoured if he will betray the king so quickly just at the thought of him becoming king himself. He is not worthy if everything he does is for his own benefit and not the kingdoms.
Ross “… The Thane of Cawdor,began a dismal conflict,Till that Bellona’s bridegroom, lapp’d in proof, Confronted him with self-comparisons,… Curbing his lavish spirit.” (1.2.53-57) Ross describes Macbeth as a great , strong warrior who in comparison is similar to the goddess of wars husband in his actions. My impression was that he must win a lot of wars and battles and be there for his men if they describe him so highly. He must fight fearlessly.I somewhat agree with this description, because Macbeth can fight wars and battle opponents without fear of the consequences, but he also is too afraid to attack a king because of the consequences.
Lady Macbeth “Glamis thou art, and Cawdor, and shalt be What thou art promis’d; yet do I fear thy nature, It is too full o’th’milk of human kindness To catch the nearest way. Thou wouldst be great, Art not without ambition, but without The illness should attend it. What thou wouldst highly, That wouldst holily; wouldst not play false, And yet wouldst wrongly win…” (1.5.14-22)
“Your face,my thane,is as a book where men May read strange matters.” (1.5.61-62)
While this was read, I imagined Macbeth as someone who is ok with what he has , and doesn’t really try to obtain more or try to achieve his goals. He is also described as a predictable person; that you can guess what they’re thinking. While reading this I saw him as more of a good person, because as Lady Macbeth says, hes to humane and nice to kill the King.I agree with this description of Macbeth, because he is too humane and he doubted himself numerous times before he agreed to kill the king, and he only agreed because of his wifes manipulation. He does settle for less, because he argued that he was ok with being thane of cawdor and that he wanted to enjoy the moment.
Macbeth “…I dare do all that may become a man;… (1.7.47) This line is from when Macbeth was arguing with Lady Macbeth , and he argues that he can not kill the king because he is a man. My impression when I read this was that Macbeth was saying that he was too loyal and manly to do something as inhumane as killing the King.I don’t agree with this because Macbeth eventually agreed to kill the king, and he said that a “man” would never do that but easily agreed to his wife arguing with him so he is not a “man”.

After reading Macbeth’s soliloquy, my opinion of him was changed. I originally believed he was loyal and brave, and during his soliloquy he proved that he’d overthrow the king for his own selfish desires without even caring about his family or his loyalty to the king. He also seemed very lazy to me, that he is not a person who is willing to take risks because of the consequences that might follow. For example, he did not want to kill the king , he wanted to just be handed the position of king. He also seems like a person who over thinks things, that even a simple statement to him will make him over think what you might have meant. For example during that whole soliloquy , he was debating about if he should kill the king, because of three sentences the witches said. He is kind of like the people who strongly believe in horoscopes because it was true that one time they read it. You could describe him as almost gullible. You can tell he really thinks things through before he goes through with his actions, because instead of making a plan straight away, he debated with himself instead.